Taking its name from the pogo stick, for obvious reasons, the pogo dance involved jumping up and down on the spot with your arms by your side. It has been compared to various religious dance styles, but its most distinctive comparison has to be with punk music.
The only variations of pogo dancing involve choosing whether to flail your arms around or keep them stiff by your side. And for the more radical, choosing whether to jump up and down or in another direction.
Sex Pistols Sid viscious once claimed he invented the pogo dance in 1976 - apparently the leather pongo he wore on stage prevented him from dancing in any other way.